Gynecomastia, or the growth and development of breast tissue in men, is a harmless yet unsightly problem which affects as many as twenty five per cent of adult men to some degree. The growth of breast tissue in men may be asymmetrical, meaning that it is more apparent on one side than the other. The causes of this problem are multi-factorial, and range from the environment to genetic factors. However, imbalances in hormones, primarily the ratio of testosterone and other androgens, versus oestrogens, are believed to be the main driver. This hormonal balance can occur for no discernible reason, or be provoked by medication and other environmental challenges.
The treatment for male breast growth takes multiple forms. It is important to note that breast tissue is not simply fat and thus conventional dieting and exercise has only a limited impact. For a limited number of individuals, breast reduction can be accomplished with medications which shift the hormonal balance. Nonetheless, these medications have serious side effects and are not effective for the majority of individuals. For most patients, male breast reduction is most definitively achieved via surgery, or a combination of surgery and medication.
Male breast reduction surgery is most effective for men who have had the condition for more than one to two years. Procedures vary depending on the type and amount of breast tissue, and the amount of fatty tissue, glandular tissue, and other structures that are involved. Liposuction can be used alone or as an adjunct to surgery for breast reduction. For individuals with sagging breast tissue or significant enlargement, cosmetic removal of excess skin and subcutaneous tissue is also a surgical possibility.
If you are interested in male breast reduction, please give us a call to learn more about the available options.